By Troy Camplin
When I attended Western Kentucky University, I majored in recombinant gene technology, a major designed to train students in biotechnology techniques.
I took “traditional” classes on molecular biology, cell biology, applied and environmental microbiology, etc., but I also took classes focused on genetic engineering techniques: how to splice DNA, get DNA into a cell, run protein gels, etc.
The difference between recombinant gene technology and biology was the shift in emphasis toward training in biotechnology techniques and away from biological education per se.
In Finite and Infinite Games Professor James Carse (who taught literature and history at New York University) distinguished between education and training:
To be prepared against surprise is to be trained. To be prepared for surprise is to be educated.
Education discovers an increasing richness in the past, because it sees what is unfinished there. Training regards the past as finished and the future as to be finished. Education leads toward a continuing self-discovery; training leads toward a final self-definition.
Training repeats a completed past in the future. Education continues an unfinished past into the future.